“Diet” is a confusing word. It can mean “the customary food and drink of a culture, a person, or an animal.” Example: “Mom, my friend is on a vegan diet, so please don’t make creamed spinach for dinner.” There are also diets prescribed for medical reasons, like the DASH diet or a diet to control diabetes. These are necessary and serve as a healthy motivation.
But most of us know “diet” as “a temporary and highly restrictive program of eating in order to lose weight.” This is the kind of diet that I’m going to be referring to.
Why am I against that kind of diet?
- As weight loss programs, diets don’t work! Yes, you lose weight, but about 95% of people who lose weight by dieting will regain it in 1 to 5 years. Since dieting, by definition, is a temporary food plan, it won’t work in the long run. Moreover, the deprivation of restrictive diets will lead to a diet-overeat or diet-binge cycle. And since your body doesn’t want you to starve, it responds to overly-restrictive diets by slowing your metabolism, which of course makes it harder to lose weight.
- Fad diets can be harmful. They may lack essential nutrients or an entire macronutrient group. They teach you nothing about healthy eating. Thus, when you’ve “completed” your fad diet, you simply boomerang back to the unhealthy eating patterns that caused your weight gain in the first place! This is the beginning of “yo-yo dieting,” which can bring its own health problems.
- Overly restrictive diets can take all the pleasure out of eating. There’s no reason to completely give up the joy of eating to lose weight.
- Dieting, along with the frequent and compulsive weighing that accompanies it, can lead to eating disorders. According to one source, people who diet are 8 times as likely to develop an eating disorder as people who don’t.
- Unscrupulous people can peddle “magic weight-loss potions,” such as special powders and pills, to desperate people, costing them their money and time at best, and fatal health consequences at worst.
Have you ever noticed that every diet product claims it will be wondrously effective “if used simultaneously with a healthy diet and regular exercise program?” Just skip the magic potions—it’s the healthy eating and exercise that are actually the effective ingredients.
- Being obese or overweight can potentially be caused by early life trauma. I was amazed to discover the well-documented research on the obesity-trauma connection. In one early study of 286 obese people, half had been sexually abused as children. “…overeating and obesity weren’t the central problems, but attempted solutions.” For these people, therapy might be a prerequisite to healthy weight loss—it could help clients identify the feelings and situations behind emotional over-eating and replace it with healthier self-care patterns. (A much larger study of over 17,000 people provided further documentation of the links between “adverse childhood experiences;” unhealthy behaviors like smoking, drinking, and overeating; and mental, emotional, and even medical disorders later in life.)
You want to lose weight before your next big event. It’s perfectly fine to control portions and skip desserts so you can resemble what you picture in your head or your past. In fact, keep going with that plan—it’s healthy eating. But skipping meals or starving yourself is not.
So the first step towards permanent healthy weight loss is to lose the diet and the diet mindset. Instead, think about a Healthy Eating Plan that you could live with and enjoy for life. The best answer to dieting, then, is a lifelong program of everyday healthy, pleasurable eating coupled with regular exercise. To lose weight, eat less, and exercise about 4-5 hours per week. How boring! How prosaic! Yet how true.